A bunion is a common deformity affecting the big toe joint. Medically it is known as ‘Hallux Valgus’. It is effectively osteoarthritis of the joint.
The main symptom is a change in the shape of the big toe joint. Not everyone will get pain, but the bunion may cause problems with footwear which in turn, causes rubbing on the skin.
Bunions can be divided into two types:
Type one: Footwear related bunions - usually there is a bony prominence which rubs on the shoe, causing it to become red and painful.
Type two: May have the same feature as type one, but a deep joint pain will also be experienced.
For more information, download our bunions information leaflet.